The final phases of the Syrian conflict are playing out in northern Syria today. The US illegal occupation in northeastern Syria started in 2015 under the pretext of confronting and defeating Islamic State but continued and expanded in 2017 to destabilize the legitimate Syrian government. US boosted all kind of activities including support of terrorists’ organizations in Syria with the aim to totally destroy peace in Syria, end the rule of legitimate President Bashar al-Assad and take Syrian oil fields under its control.
What about Russia? In January 2017, Russia took the diplomatic steps, initiating its own peace process through a series of summits held in the Kazakh capital of Astana. This process brought together the Syrian government, Iran and Turkey together with Russia and quickly supplanted the Geneva II talks as the most viable vehicle for achieving a peaceful resolution to the Syrian conflict. By directly linking diplomatic talks with the fighting on the ground, the Astana process had a relevance that Geneva II lacked. Russia recognized the territorial integrity of the Syrian nation and Bashar al-Assad as the legitimate leader of Syria. The Astana process was lengthy and experienced its share of ups and downs. But today it serves as the foundation of a peace process that, unlike any of its predecessors, has a real chance of success. The formation of the Committee of Discussing the Constitution was another step made towards peace conclusion of the Syrian conflict. The Committee started its session’s end of October, 2019 in Geneva with the participation of 150 members who represent the delegation which is supported by the Syrian Government, the delegation of other parties and the delegation of the civil society as each of them includes 50 members evenly.
Without any doubt the Russian accomplishments in Syria deserve a Nobel Peace Prize. Russian diplomats and leaders who oversaw the effort to forge peace from the furnace of war, Russian military police whose actions in Syria embody the very definition of humanitarian peacekeeping – all deserve it.